alpine 3.7
race weakness #18


Weakness Breakdown


A race condition exists when parallel code accesses shared data without proper coordination. An attack that uses a race-condition weakness takes advantage of the unsafe data access to manipulate how one of the parallel sections of code reacts. Even though each process runs as intended, the outcome is unexpected. For example, consider a bank service that depends on an encryption key that it reads from a known location. An independent cryptography service is responsible for generating the key and placing it where the bank is expected to read it in a timely manner. If the bank and cryptography services do not coordinate with each other, then the bank may read a blank encryption key before cryptography writes the key to the location. This can effectively turn off all encryption for the bank without either service, or the administrator, knowing that something has gone wrong.

Warning code(s):

This accepts filename arguments; if an attacker can move those files or change the link content, a race condition results. Also, it does not terminate with ASCII NUL..

File Name:



The highlighted line of code below is the trigger point of this particular Alpine 3.7 race weakness.


#define CGI_SUBSYSTEM "libdns_sd"

static pthread_mutex_t linkage_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static int linkage_warning = 0;

const char *avahi_exe_name(void) {
    return getprogname();
#elif defined(__linux__)
    static char exe_name[1024] = "";
    static pthread_mutex_t mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;

    /* Yes, I know, this is not portable. But who cares? It's for
     * cosmetics only, anyway. */


    if (exe_name[0] == 0) {
        int k;

        if ((k = readlink("/proc/self/exe", exe_name, sizeof(exe_name)-1)) < 0)
            snprintf(exe_name, sizeof(exe_name), "(unknown)");
        else {
            char *slash;

            assert((size_t) k <= sizeof(exe_name)-1);
            exe_name[k] = 0;

            if ((slash = strrchr(exe_name, '/')))
                memmove(exe_name, slash+1, strlen(slash)+1);


    return exe_name;
#ifdef __GNUC__
#warning "avahi_exe_name() needs to be implemented for your operating system"
    return "(unknown)";

void avahi_warn(const char *fmt, ...) {
    char msg[512]  = "*** WARNING *** "; 

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