alpine 3.7
shell weakness #40


Weakness Breakdown


A shell weakness occurs when a program enables an attacker to execute unexpected commands on the operating system.

Warning code(s):

This causes a new program to execute and is difficult to use safely.

File Name:



The highlighted line of code below is the trigger point of this particular Alpine 3.7 shell weakness.

 	if (r != 0) {
		apk_warning("Failed to perform initial self-upgrade, continuing with full upgrade.");
		r = 0;
		goto ret;

	if (changeset.num_total_changes == 0)
		goto ret;

	if (!self_upgrade_only && apk_flags & APK_SIMULATE) {
		apk_warning("This simulation is not reliable as apk-tools upgrade is available.");
		goto ret;

	apk_message("Upgrading critical system libraries and apk-tools:");
	apk_solver_commit_changeset(db, &changeset, db->world);
	if (self_upgrade_only) goto ret;


	apk_message("Continuing the upgrade transaction with new apk-tools:");
	for (r = 0; apk_argv[r] != NULL; r++)
	apk_argv[r] = "--no-self-upgrade";
	execvp(apk_argv[0], apk_argv);

	apk_error("PANIC! Failed to re-execute new apk-tools!");

	db->performing_self_upgrade = 0;
	return r;

static int upgrade_main(void *ctx, struct apk_database *db, struct apk_string_array *args)
	struct upgrade_ctx *uctx = (struct upgrade_ctx *) ctx;
	unsigned short solver_flags;
	struct apk_dependency *dep;
	struct apk_dependency_array *world = NULL;
	int r = 0;

	if (apk_db_check_world(db, db->world) != 0) {
		apk_error("Not continuing with upgrade due to missing repository tags. "
			  "Use --force-broken-world to override.");
		return -1;

	solver_flags = APK_SOLVERF_UPGRADE | uctx->solver_flags; 

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