centos 6
format weakness #38

4

Weakness Breakdown


Definition:

A format string exploit occurs when the data of an input string is evaluated as a command by the program. This class of attacks is very similar to buffer overflows since an attacker could execute code, read the stack or cause new behaviors that compromise security. Learn more about format string attacks on OWASP attack index.

Warning code(s):

If format strings can be influenced by an attacker, they can be exploited.

File Name:

file-5.04/src/print.c

Context:

The highlighted line of code below is the trigger point of this particular Centos 6 format weakness.

 
#include "file.h"

#ifndef lint
FILE_RCSID("@(#)$ File: print.c,v 1.68 2009/11/18 23:35:14 christos Exp $ ")
#endif  /* lint */

#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <time.h>

#define SZOF(a)	(sizeof(a) / sizeof(a[0]))

#ifndef COMPILE_ONLY
protected void
file_mdump(struct magic *m)
{
	private const char optyp[] = { FILE_OPS };

	(void) fprintf(stderr, "[%u", m->lineno);
	(void) fprintf(stderr, ">>>>>>>> %u" + 8 - (m->cont_level & 7),
		       m->offset);

	if (m->flag & INDIR) {
		(void) fprintf(stderr, "(%s,",
			       /* Note: type is unsigned */
			       (m->in_type < file_nnames) ? 
					file_names[m->in_type] : "*bad*");
		if (m->in_op & FILE_OPINVERSE)
			(void) fputc('~', stderr);
		(void) fprintf(stderr, "%c%u),",
			       ((size_t)(m->in_op & FILE_OPS_MASK) <
			       SZOF(optyp)) ? 
					optyp[m->in_op & FILE_OPS_MASK] : '?',
				m->in_offset);
	}
	(void) fprintf(stderr, " %s%s", (m->flag & UNSIGNED) ? "u" : "",
		       /* Note: type is unsigned */
		       (m->type < file_nnames) ? file_names[m->type] : "*bad*");
	if (m->mask_op & FILE_OPINVERSE)
		(void) fputc('~', stderr);

	if (IS_STRING(m->type)) {
		if (m->str_flags) {
			(void) fputc('/', stderr);
			if (m->str_flags & STRING_COMPACT_WHITESPACE)  

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